The 12 Olympians were the primary gods in Greek mythology, who resided on Mt. Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. The Olympians were a younger generation of Gods after the Titans. The Titans were led by Uranus, the Olympians by Zeus. It was decided that there would be a war for supremacy between the two groups, and Zeus along with his other siblings won the war after a ten year battle, gaining control of the universe.
The Greek gods were copied and used by the Romans also, with just the names changed. They are as follow here, with the Roman names in parenthesis : Zeus (Jupiter), Hera (Juno), Poseidon (Neptune), Dionysus (Bacchus), Apollo (Apollo), Artemis (Diana), Hermes (Mercury), Athena (Minerva), Ares (Mars), Aphrodite (Venus), Hephaestus (Vulcan), and Demeter (Ceres). Notice that many of these are also names of planets in our own solar system.
The Olympians represent forces of nature including planetary bodies, electromagnetism, consciousness, etc. that are associated more with our material universe and daily life or experiences. The Titans were created directly from the primordial chaos and represent energies and forces related to the first levels of existence, who presided over the golden age. The Olympians were children of the Titans and represent our more immediate surroundings and the energies which affect us every day. They have a strong impact on our emotions, our environment, and our physical bodies and minds. Zeus is the god of the sky and storms, Neptune of the water, Ares of passion and war, etc. Understanding what they represent and what the ancient myths are speaking of, can greatly increase our ability to control them, instead of being controlled by them. And also to comprehend how all of the various forms of energy and archetypes in nature work together, to create the everyday reality that we live in.
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